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March 23, 2022 Guest Article0

Throughout history until now, poets have admired the moon’s beauty. Looking at it for hours, they would not tire from cherishing and appreciating its beauty. Years later, scientific and technological advancements showed that its surface had a desolate beauty.

The Lunar Missions

The Lunar Mission or the Moon Mission started in the late 1950s when the Soviet Union was ahead of the United States of America in space explorations. Therefore in 1961, US President John F. Kennedy gave inspiration and hope to the American people; he affirmed the landing of man on the moon and his safe return to the Earth before the end of the decade.

The US accomplished this goal eight years later by sending Edwin Aldrin and Neil Armstrong on the moon. The first step was risky and complex. However, many steps followed naturally after the first step, including many exploratory missions to study the moon’s surface and the universe.

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong touched the lunar surface and said, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” His mission included collecting samples of the moon’s surface for further studies. Little was known that they would be the base for building buildings one day.

How Mankind Lives on the Moon

Life on the moon would be more disparate for explorers than life on Earth. From its lack of air to lighter gravity, the moon is a harsh mistress, just like the late sci-fi author Robert Heinlein claimed. The moon has no weather, no atmosphere, and oceans of water. Its surface is in an eternal nihility. Astronauts in pairs have lived on its surface only up to three days at a time in the small Lunar Module of the Apollo program. 

Only twelve humans (the crews of Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17) have ever walked on the moon’s surface. Apollo astronauts had to tread carefully or risk stumbling or falling because the moon’s gravity is only one-sixth of Earth’s gravity. They ultimately perfected bunny hops and a bouncing gait to walk along the lunar surface.

The sci-fi novel entitled Moon Luck by Wayne Scott Harral conveyed that one or more active stations will be permanently located on the moon in the coming decades. And another will inevitably take a human life while people live in these moon colonies. Harral’s glimpse into the near future as we inhabit the Moon leads one to question if humans will ever be prepared for the first time it happens.

What NASA Planners Foresee 

NASA feels that traveling to the moon could help humans evaluate the mystery behind this vast universe. They believe that valuable resources on the moon can also be used for other space missions. Liquid oxygen is a significant component of the fuel needed for current space travel and other future missions. Also, the moon mission will lead scientists to the human-crewed mission to Mars by 2030. 

Some experts also perpetuate that suborbital tourism will take off, and over one thousand people will be reaching space by 2020. Such a tourist spot would cost millions or billions, possible only for the super-rich people. Further, it will be followed by mining on the moon to use its resources.

The tremendous speed with which pollution and population increase has forced humans to look for other planets to live on. But when one looks at the ground reality, they still cannot imagine living in a place which would be deserted, with hardly any people and vegetation around. One thinks about how it would be with having to move with oxygen masks all the time. Compared to Earth’s lush and lively life, going on a vacation for a few days to the moon seems like a good adventure. However, planning to reside there seems rather tricky, at least now.


The time may come when leaving Earth becomes necessary for the survival of the human race. American ex-president George W. Bush had this in mind when he proposed in 2004 that people should return to the moon and this time to stay. Lunar outposts have created a considerable amount of debate. Some argue that robots can perform the necessary tasks on the moon, and people do not need to inhabit its surface. While the logistics of inhabiting the moon are not yet worked out, the settlement will become imperative for the survival of humanity.

Moreover, humans have been sharpening their space abilities so that when one decides to return to the moon, it will be to stay. 



March 7, 2022 Guest Article0

The further you travel into outer space, the more you realize our most important relationships are down here on Earth. 

Astronauts have always looked back on their homeworld. They see the world as a fragile blue marble floating in the blackness of space when seen from the Moon. Astronauts can see the world with their own eyes flip through the pages of the book Story of astronauts living on the Moon, which holds all the people they love. That connection provides a sense of stability and reassurance that they will return after their mission.

Astronaut’s Life In Space

Astronauts feel the significance of open communication and teamwork while in space. They feel that getting along with their colleagues in space will ease their loneliness and focus on their mission. They must keep in mind that loneliness is not being alone physically but a state of mind.  

The core objective of their goal is to achieve success. The astronauts have to be jubilant to function well in their work, and you can not be in high spirits if you are not getting along with your fellow astronaut.   

The view they get to see out of the window is just breathtaking. You can appreciate the beauty of planet Earth. It looks like spinning in the black velvet of space with a bright blue halo surrounding it, which changes the astronaut’s perspective on life.”

Astronaut’s Depression In Space

Space is a unique solitary environment that complicates the associated changes on the astronaut’s brain. Microgravity affects the brain through vestibular deprivation, cephalic fluid shift, and weightlessness makes the brain perplexing.  

Depression in space refers to an astronaut’s cognitive, behavioral, and emotional well-being in space. It is how astronauts think, feel, and behave during the expedition in space. 


There are several psychiatric problems during space missions. Most common is their adjustment reactions to their new surroundings, and a new domain in space gives them symptoms of transient anxiety or depression.

Space adaptation syndrome or space sickness is a kind of motion sickness that can occur to an astronaut when his surroundings visually appear to be in motion but without his physical body in motion. This abnormal condition can occur during space travel when changes in g-forces compromise one’s spatial orientation.

The isolation in space contributes to anxiety and stress, ranging from neurocognitive changes, fatigue, sleep disorders, altered stress hormone levels, and immune-modulatory changes.

Astronauts experience sleeping problems due to natural light and anxiety problems or depression. Aside from loneliness, other factors create depression, such as microgravity or radiation. The carbon dioxide may also debilitate their neurobehavioral and performance.

Astronauts are given time to speak with their families virtually. There are stressful situations or traumatic events that sometimes occur in space, like when an astronaut breaks up with his girlfriend or divorce cases. A family member is sick, an accident of a family member, or the death of a friend or family member. These situations contribute to the depression of an astronaut in space. 

How Astronauts Maintain Their Mental Health

Space agencies know that the astronaut will be living in space for quite some time. They used studies on arctic bases to keep astronauts sane in their whole trip. Space agencies are very particular with their crew selection and compatibility.

Astronauts are given adequate sleep, healthy and good tasting food, exercise, substantial work, leisure time with other space crews, the availability of social and recreational events – music, movies, and virtual contact with family and friends.

Astronauts are expected to adjust to a new environment with reduced living quarters and limited hygiene facilities, build working relationships with crewmates, keep in touch with friends and family way back home, and balance tasks and rest and sleep. 

Good mental health is vital for the astronauts, so space agencies shouldn’t ignore mental health challenges and issues.

Truth Behind Astronauts

No astronaut has ever traveled farther away from Earth than our own Moon. Space agencies sent robotic probes to explore nearby planets and planets in the outer solar system. Still, no human has come even close to orbiting another planet.

Astronauts have always looked back on their homeworld. They see the world as a delicate blue marble floating in the obscurity of space. When astronauts see with their own eyes the beautiful world that holds the people they love, it gives them sort of a connection that provides a sense of stability and reassurance that they will return home after their mission is over. 




Copyright by Scott Harral 2020. All rights reserved.